What Are the Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction and How to Treat It

Cocaine is an upper or stimulant that’s highly addictive to people. In the streets, it’s also known as coke, blow, crack, rock, and snow. It’s mainly derived from South American coca plant leaves.

Although the medical community also uses cocaine for local anesthesia during surgeries, it’s mainly known to the masses as an illegal drug. Cocaine’s most popular form is a street drug that looks like flour from afar or fine crystalline powder up close.

Because of this, street dealers might mix coke with other filler material like cornstarch, flour, or talcum powder to increase their profits by giving people with bags and bags of coke spread across fillers.

It could also give users extra stimulation when mixed with drugs such as amphetamine or methamphetamine.

The Symptoms and Treatment Options for Cocaine

Here are the symptoms of cocaine use and how to treat them.

Symptoms How to Treat Them

Short-Term Effects:

  • Irritability
  • Mental alertness

  • Extreme happiness and energy.

  • Hypersensitivity to touch, sight, and sound.

  • Paranoia or extreme and unreasonable distrust of others.

Short-Term Treatments:

  • Abstinence and avoidance from the start.
  • Self-awareness of the dangers of cocaine addiction.

  • Allow the effects of cocaine to wear off before abstaining from it in the future.

  • Changing friend circles and avoiding bad influences.

Long-Term Effects:

  • Nausea

  • Irritability

  • Malnutrition

  • Restlessness

  • Dilated pupils

  • Severe paranoia

  • Faster heartbeat

  • Cocaine dependence

  • Movement disorders

  • Reduction of appetite

  • Losing touch in reality

  • Auditory hallucinations

  • Raised body temperature and blood pressure

Long-Term Treatments:

  • Group Therapy

  • Dual Diagnosis

  • Mindful Meditation

  • Undergoing an intervention

  • Evidence-based rehab treatments

  • Esoteric or holistic rehab treatments

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

  • Going to a local rehab facility (outpatient) on a weekly basis

  • Going to a local rehab facility (inpatient) for 30 days to three months

  • Going to an overseas luxury rehab facility at a remote location (inpatient) for 30 days to six months

  • Clinical detoxification and impulse management

Complications:

  • Death

  • Persistent relapse

  • Psychiatric disorders

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Constricted blood vessels

  • Tremors and muscle twitches

Complication Treatments:

  • Funeral services

  • Psychiatric counseling from therapists

  • Levodopa (for Parkinson’s)

  • Blood thinners (for blood vessel constriction)

  • Specific medications for your complications

  • Withdrawal symptom treatment

  • Dual Diagnosis for simultaneous treatment of your addiction and your co-occurring disease

  • Medical detox

  • Rehab from 6 months to many years

  • Aftercare and relapse guarantees (a free month of rehab if relapse occurs)

  • Hospitalization

  • Acceptance that some complications are chronic and permanent

What is the History of Cocaine?

The earliest version of Coca-Cola and other sodas—marketed as health tonics—contained cocaine. Cocaine drops were also used with young people as a means to relieve toothache, of all things. Later on, cocaine in its present form became an illicit drug.

It’s also quite the expensive drug, which is why it earned the moniker, “The Caviar of Street Drugs”. Many of the most powerful businessmen, politicians, celebrities, runway models, and superstars from Hollywood or sports are known to indulge in a bit of coke snorting to show off their wealth and indulge in their privilege.

Presently, it’s classified as a Schedule II substance, which means it’s something people can end up abusing. However, doctors can prescribe cocaine for certain medicinal uses such as local anesthetic for certain surgeries.

Types of Street Cocaine

Street cocaine is available in the streets in a whitish, fine powder with crystal grains. It’s also known as coke, flake, blow, and snow. Some drug users have combined coke with heroin, which ends up becoming the super drug stimulant known as speedball.

However, the two chemical types of cocaine that people tend to use and abuse the most include the following.

  • Water-Soluble Cocaine: The soluble variety of cocaine is the popular type of coke that’s snorted through your nostrils in powdery coke lines on glass. You can also inject this coke type into your bloodstream when it’s turned into a solution.

    This white powder form of coke comes in hydrochloride salt form. It’s the hydrochloride content that’s removed when you process cocaine into freebase cocaine or crack cocaine.

  • Water-Insoluble Cocaine: Water-insoluble or freebase cocaine is the type of coke that’s processed with sodium bicarbonate or ammonia before it’s heated altogether to remove all the hydrochloride content from it.

    It comes in a crystalline rock form that you can smoke. It releases a crackling sound when smoked, which is why it’s also known in the streets as “crack cocaine” or just “crack”.

How Is Cocaine Used or Taken? How Is It Abused?

Coke users usually take or “binge” on the drug. Binging is when you snort or inject coke repeatedly in a short period of time in increasingly higher doses for the sake of maintaining the high.

This is why people say they’re “binging” on a Netflix series for hours on end, covering multiple episodes in one sitting. At any rate, the increased dosage is because the more you use cocaine the more desensitized to it you get.

Therefore, to maintain the same high, the coke should be binged upon with increasing doses just to get the same initial high of the first dose.

There are various methods used for coke consumption abuse. These include the following techniques.

  • Intravenous

  • Intranasal

  • Inhalation

  • Oral

To elaborate, here’s what each item refers to.

  • Intravenous: Intravenous administration involves injecting the cocaine solution right into your veins for immediate results because the drug is now traveling through your bloodstream.

    Injection actually makes the drug more potent on your body and mind compared to other consumption methods.

    To inject coke into your system, you need to dissolve the water-soluble powder into water. The insoluble freebase cocaine requires smoking in order to be enjoyed.

  • Speedball: A speedball is when you inject intravenously a combination of cocaine and heroin. Cocaine is a stimulant. Heroin is an opioid depressant. This results in a longer-lasting and more intense high.

    Because the effects of cocaine outlast the effects of heroin, your heart can end up rapidly changing pace. Mixing coke with heroin doesn’t cancel out their negative effects (this is a myth). This combo can also increase your risk of overdose.

  • Intranasal: Administering cocaine in an intranasal manner involves inhaling or snorting it through your nostrils. It also involves rubbing the powder into your mucous tissues.

    You can snort cocaine by using a straw or a rolled-up dollar bill over lines of powdered coke on glass or CD cases.

    Smoking crack cocaine can yield the same benefits as injection since you’re absorbing the drug into your bloodstream, but through your respiratory system this time around.

  • Inhalation: Another popular method of coke consumption is by smoking cocaine. You should specifically smoke coke that’s been processed into a rock crystal form known as freebase cocaine.

    This coke type is known in the streets as crack cocaine. This is because the rock produces a crackling sound when you heat it up for smoking. Meanwhile, the vapors it produces should then be inhaled into your lungs.

  • Oral: Rubbing the coke powder into your gums is another way of ingesting cocaine in a way that maximizes its effects. It’s the best method around for those who wish to get a quick high without much paraphernalia available.

    Gum-rubbing powdered coke is also something anyone can do after seeing it once, as opposed to snorting it through straws or intravenous injections.

How Does Cocaine Affect the Brain?

The research team of the University of Colorado in Boulder claims that cocaine works by heightening the dopamine levels in your brain, thus giving it a dopamine flood of sorts. Dopamine is a brain-produced chemical that’s responsible for giving you pleasure.

  • The Reward Pathway: It’s part of your brain’s reward pathway. This means on a healthy brain, dopamine is triggered when doing worthwhile rewarding things like having a successful business career, excelling in sports, or becoming a top student in your class.

  • Encourages Repeating Certain Behaviors: Dopamine encourages you to repeat certain behaviors in order to give you feelings of accomplishment for basic and complex behaviors that support your survival, such as eating, having sex, or accomplishing personal goals.

  • Dopamine Flooding: Meanwhile, because coke triggers dopamine release, it tricks your brain into thinking that taking the drug is a repeatable and positive behavior. Moreover, the drug also keeps your brain from reabsorbing the dopamine, enabling dopamine buildup that boosts up its effects.

  • Glial Cells and a Euphoric High: According to the Colorado research team, coke also makes glial cells that induce inflammation. This enables more dopamine flooding in your brain. This practically drowns you in dopamine giving you a euphoric high from the mere action of ingesting coke.

Typical Signs and Symptoms of Cocaine Use

If you’re using cocaine at present, then watch out for the following signs and symptoms that indicate your growing dependence on the highly addictive drug.

  • Uninhibited behavior or loss of inhibition

  • Rising agitation

  • Changes in concentration and focus

  • Effusive enthusiasm

  • Increased movement and hyperactivity

  • Increased common cold-like symptoms and/or nosebleeds

  • Signs of involuntary movements like muscle tics

How Long Does a Cocaine High Last?

If you want to know how long a cocaine high lasts, here’s what you need to know.

  • Cocaine highs happen immediately and just as quickly dissipate

  • The highs can last for a few minutes to about an hour

  • How you’ve taken coke can determine the intensity of the effects as well as their longevity

  • Coke smoking or injection usually results in quicker and stronger effects, but they’re short-lived highs that last from 5 to 10 minutes

  • Snorting coke, on the other hand, gives you a longer-lasting high that can go from 15 to 30 minutes. Sometimes even an hour if you’re a novice coke consumer

What Are the Short-Term Effects of Cocaine?

When you immediately snort cocaine, you’ll typically get an immediate flood of dopamine that fulfills the reward centers of your brain.

This tricks your brain and body into thinking the consumption of cocaine is as significant a fulfillment as becoming rich and famous, winning an Academy Award or Pulitzer Prize, or getting engaged to be married.

The short-term or temporary effects of coke on your health include the following conditions.

  • Paranoia or extreme and unreasonable distrust of others

  • Hypersensitivity to touch, sight, and sound

  • Extreme happiness and energy

  • Mental alertness

  • Irritability

There are cocaine users who find taking the drug as beneficial in helping them perform simple physical and mental tasks as fast as possible. Nevertheless, there are those who undergo the opposite experience.

When taking cocaine binges, certain coke users can instead exhibit bizarre, unpredictable, or even violent behavior that gets in the way of their everyday life and function, even when conducting menial labor.

In regards to the other health effects or side effects of using cocaine, they include the following:

  • Raised body temperature and blood pressure

  • Tremors and muscle twitches

  • Constricted blood vessels

  • Faster heartbeat

  • Dilated pupils

  • Restlessness

  • Nausea

What Are the Long-Term Effects of Cocaine?

This recreational drug is quite popular due to its beneficial effects on your wellbeing such as giving you an uplifted mood, more energy, and increased motivation. With that said, if you were to develop a coke addiction or end up abusing the drug, this is bad news.

Why? You’ll then experience many adverse long-term effects. This is especially true if you were to take the coke by snorting, smoking, or injecting it intravenously. If you tend to binge on coke, this can lead you to the same dangerous path as well.

The long-term effects of coke include the following.

  • Malnutrition

  • Irritability

  • Severe paranoia

  • Restlessness

  • Movement disorders

  • Losing touch in reality

  • Reduction of appetite

  • Parkinson’s disease

  • Auditory hallucinations

Cocaine Abuse Symptoms and Complications

Cocaine increases your dopamine supply. Since dopamine controls and processes reward cues as well as the regulation of movement and generation of euphoric emotions, abusing cocaine can lead you to associate coke consumption to becoming happy or feeling normal.

This is exactly why coke has great potential for abuse and addiction. Its effects are quite amazing to your wellbeing, leading you to use it as a substitute for deriving pleasure from sex, eating, and striving for goal fulfillment.

Cocaine addiction is associated with greater risks for:

  • Disease (Parkinson’s and constricted blood vessels).

  • Psychiatric disorders

  • Death

What Are Cocaine’s Withdrawal Symptoms?

If you’re coke-dependent, you may experience mild to severe withdrawal symptoms whenever you quit taking the drug cold turkey or for an extended period of time.

When you develop physical cocaine dependence, you might experience withdrawal symptoms once you quit using the drug. The symptoms might subside over time but your drug cravings can return regardless, increasing relapse risk even after rehab completion.

What’s dangerous about cocaine is that its withdrawal symptoms are both psychological and physiological. They include the following.

  • Inability to concentrate

  • Feeling fatigued

  • Wanting more of cocaine (cravings)

  • Having depression and anxiety

  • Experiencing pain, tremors, chills, and aches

  • Experiencing lack of the feeling of pleasure

Treatment Options for Cocaine Addiction

Your road to sobriety starts at overseas rehabilitation places like Miracles Asia in Thailand. Call their toll-free telephone number for more info. They’re available 24/7. Regardless, the inpatient rehab center offers you services like clinical detoxification and dual diagnosis.

  • Therapy Sessions: You’ll also go through a bevy of therapy sessions for cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), group therapy, individual therapy, family therapy, and counselor-based therapy from multiple therapists, counselors, psychologists, and psychiatrists to handle every behavioral and mental aspect of your coke addiction.

  • Esoteric and Holistic Treatment: Additional assistance can also come in the form of mindful meditation or more esoteric or holistic treatment paradigms such as acupuncture, yoga, painting, or even equestrian therapy. They’re mostly here to supplement CBT and DBT to fill in the void left by abstaining from cocaine.

  • Local Inpatient or Outpatient Rehab: Of course, if your addiction isn’t as deep-rooted as you feared, you can go instead to a local rehab facility for inpatient treatment. You can also avail of weekly 12-step outpatient treatment (at Narcotics Anonymous and the like) for good measure. This all depends on the severity of your coke dependence.

  • Overseas Inpatient Rehab: The beauty of inpatient treatment in an overseas luxury rehab facility for a month or three is the seclusion from the stimuli, drug dealers, and bad influences in your friend circles that pushed you towards becoming an addict in the first place.

In a Nutshell

Don’t forget that cocaine or meth addiction is treatable. Yes, it will cost you huge dollar amounts when everything is said and done. Furthermore, the whole experience has been known to cripple the lives of both the addicts and their loved ones (friends and family).

Then again, at least you’re investing your money on something positive instead of self-destructive like more cocaine. This predicament isn’t insurmountable or impossible. Don’t lose hope.

When you avail of the affordable services of Miracles Asia Rehab, you’ll get the care you need for significantly lower than the price available stateside (including travel costs).

Get Help Now! Miracles Asia Rehab Will Help Treat Your Addiction!

Contact the dedicated crew and staff of Miracles Asia Rehab for the sake of cocaine addiction rehabilitation. Even if you have complications or co-occurring conditions on top of your coke dependence, Miracles Asia should take care of you in every way.

On your road to sobriety, Miracles Asia Rehab will help you because they have a 98 percent completion rate, loads of recovery techniques and detoxification services, and assistance from internationally trained professionals.

Miracles Asia will give you a safe place to heal and recover in the hands of multiple therapists, counselors, consultants, nurses, doctors, staff, and sponsors.